From Bombay to Mumbai: Tracing the Evolution of Indias Financial Hub

In this blog post, we will delve into the captivating reasons behind Bombay’s decision to shed its colonial past and embrace the name Mumbai, A title that pays homage to its linguistic heritage and the indomitable spirit of its residents. Join us as we explore the historical, cultural, and political factors that propelled this significant rechristening, and how it continues to resonate through the vibrant streets of this ever-evolving city.

Kalbadevi Streets in Bombay Era
Kalbadevi Streets in Bombay Era

What Was Bombay all About Before Renamed to Mumbai

In the dynamic heart of India’s bustling economic and cultural landscape, the name of a city carries immense significance, embodying its rich history, unique identity, and the dreams of its people. The metamorphosis of Bombay into Mumbai goes beyond a mere administrative alteration, touching the very essence of this iconic Indian metropolis. The process of renaming this city is intertwined with a blend of nationalism, regional pride, and political assertion, signifying a pivotal moment in its ongoing evolution.

Bombay was given its name from the Portuguese word ‘Bombiam‘, a word that was created by combining two original words ‘Bom (meaning Good)’ and ‘Bahai (meaning Bay)’.

The renaming of the financial capital city from ‘Bombay’ to ‘Mumbai’ in India holds significant historical importance, with various factors contributing to this decision. The emotional attachment to the city within the Maharashtra state has played a crucial role in this identity change. Several questions arise regarding the city’s previous name, its geographical nature as an island city, the origins of the names ‘Bambai’, ‘Bumbai’, ‘Bombay’, and the subsequent name change.

Additionally, understanding the meaning behind the name ‘Bombay’ and the major changes that occurred after 1996 when Shiv Sena officially declared the renaming is essential. This comprehensive explanation aims to provide detailed information for those interested in the old and new name controversy and its implications.

See Also: Old Bombay Photos.

Some Old Facts Of Bombay

1. In 1995, a film titled ‘Bombay’ was released, depicting a love story set amidst the backdrop of Hindu-Muslim riots in the city.

2. The year 1996 marked the official renaming of Bombay to Mumbai.

3. Bollywood was granted permission to use the term ‘Bombay’ in Hindi songs, such as ‘Ye Hai Bombay Meri Jaan,’ which has now been modified to ‘Ye Hai Mumbai Meri Jaan.’

4. The stock exchange continues to be referred to as the ‘Bombay Stock Exchange’ (BSE) to this day.

5. A renowned and historic hospital still retains its original name, ‘Bombay Hospital.’

6. The impact of the name change from ‘Bombay’ has been significant, to the extent that no shops in the market are permitted to use the word and are required to display their signage in the ‘Marathi Language,’ alongside other languages like English, which are commonly used.

Historic Era When it Was Called BOMBAY

In addition to the historical details, when the Portuguese conquered this bay in 1508 A.D from the Arabs, they changed its name from the old name given by the Arabs, which was ‘Al Omanis’, to the new Portuguese name ‘Bom Bahia’, as previously mentioned, meaning ‘A Good Bay’ with beautiful harbors on the east side. Subsequently, the British developed the bay, initiated various businesses, and gradually renamed it ‘Bombay’. Later, the great Maratha fighter Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj took over and ruled Maharashtra, firmly establishing Maratha control over the state, which was highly sought after for its business and commercial potential.

As development progressed, the locals began referring to the city as ‘BAMBAI SHEHAR’ in Hindi language. Several famous Bollywood songs incorporated the name, such as ‘Mein Bambai ka Baabu’, ‘Ye hai bombay meri jaan’, ‘Bambai humko jam gayi’, ‘Yeh Bombay Shehar Hadso Ka Shehar Hai’, and more. Despite the nostalgia associated with these retro songs, the word Bombay continues to be cherished and used in Bollywood. For instance, the song ‘Bambai Nagaria’ released in 2006 exemplifies the deep roots of this city’s past.

The Worli Koliwada fishing village serves as an excellent example of this cultural heritage and is a popular attraction in the city. To delve deeper into the roots of the East Indians in Mumbai, visit the Mobai Bhavan museum, which still retains glimpses of the former Bombay. You can also watch videos to experience the essence of old Mumbai.

It was 1995, Came The Change in Name to Mumbai

It is a common curiosity among individuals whether Mumbai is situated on an island, and indeed it is. Mumbai has witnessed notable transformations in its physical landscape throughout history. Initially recognized as an island metropolis, Mumbai is encompassed by smaller islands including Colaba, Worli, Parel, Mahim, Mazgaon, and two additional ones.

Bombay to Mumbai, The turning face which is no more city of mills.

In 1995, the Shiv Sena, a Hindu nationalist political party, emerged as a prominent force in Maharashtra state. Led by the late Shri Balasaheb Thackeray, a charismatic leader, the party advocated for various reforms, including the renaming of the city.

Before coming into power, the Shiv Sena tirelessly campaigned for the elimination of the name ‘Bombay’ and the renaming of streets and railway stations that were originally named by the British rulers, such as Victoria Terminus (now CSMT). Their aim was to pay tribute to the legendary leaders and freedom fighters of India by assigning their names to these landmarks.

In addition to that, the metropolis is also associated with the revered deity known as ‘Mumbadevi‘, whose divine protection is believed to safeguard the inhabitants of this bustling city. Interestingly, the name ‘Mumba’ is said to be the original name of this thriving economic hub of India. It was in the year 1996 when the city was officially renamed as ‘Mumbai’, a name that quickly gained prominence and became widely recognized.

It is essential to familiarize yourself with the Old and New names of Mumbai streets in order to gain insight into the city’s transformation through the adoption of indigenous names associated with legendary Indian personalities. In the case of Maharashtra state, the streets are named after Marathi leaders, freedom fighters, and numerous individuals who selflessly devoted their lives to the nation.

All entities, including the city itself, businesses, and any other references to the previous name ‘Bombay’, must now be renamed and referred to as ‘Mumbai’. The dominant political party, notorious for its aggressive response when necessary, exerts immense pressure on individual citizens, causing them to fear using the former name for the city.

The current name ‘Mumbai’ has completely taken over in both written and verbal references, as evident from the name plates, hoardings, and boards found in local railway stations and other locations. These names have been changed, such as ‘Bombay Central’ being renamed as ‘Mumbai Central’. This captivating island city also has a rich history associated with its early residents, known as ‘East Indians’, who have preserved their unique culture and traditions, including their primary business of fishing.

Nevertheless, this city is still occasionally referred to and nostalgically remembered by senior citizens as ‘Bambai’ or ‘Bumbai’, reminiscent of the black and white era and the cherished moments they spent in the city.

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Greetings, I am Deven, the founder of Mumbai77. With immense passion, I have dedicated my full-time efforts to continuously learn and update important information about Mumbai city. Currently, I am a full-time blogger residing in Mumbai. Since its establishment on July 7, 2007, Mumbai77 has attracted millions of pageviews. Our website aims to provide valuable information, including my personal reviews and experiences, to assist individuals worldwide in their search for updated information about Mumbai city.
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It was helpful
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Give us 2024 bus timing for all rout .remove old time table
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Good information about all stops. Thank you so much
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Extremely helpful

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